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SDG 7: Affordable And Clean Energy
UNADAP officials are experts in Scientific Research in the areas of, CLEAN WATER & SANITATION, AFFORDABLE & CLEAN ENERGY, SUSTAINABLE CITIES & COMMUNITIES.
IMAGE DATA SOURCE: United Nations in India
Mishma S. Stanislaus, PhD, Bio-fuels & Bio-technology; et.al.
Energy Journal, 118 (2017) 264 -271
UNADAP is seeking towards addressing the SDG’s of, AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY & CLIMATE ACTION through this Plant to Fuel project. This project aims at investigating an alternative clean, cost-effective and sustainable energy source, alternative to fossil fuels.
Ipomoea aquatica (substrate), a tropical plant and secondary pollutant due to its rapid growth was utilized for generating biohydrogen for the first time. Digested sludge (inoculum) which is easily available from waste water treatment plants was used as a source of bacteria to ferment I. aquatica and produce biohydrogen as a by-product. In order to facilitate efficient and maximum biohydrogen production from I. aquatica and digested sludge, the substrate and inoculum were both subjected pretreatment methods. Cost effective pretreatment methods like heating, freezing and boiling were used for feasibility in large scale productions. As a result of efficient fermentation of I. aquatica and digested sludge, hydrogen yield of 217.16 mL/g-VS was achieved which was manifold higher than other conventional substrates like corn stalk, wheat straw, rice straw, etc. The energy consumed in the fermentation process was evaluated which was lesser than energy produced in the process. To the best of our knowledge, it's the first time that I. aquatica was used as substrate to produce hydrogen through an attractive process that could not only benefit the environment by water purification but also contributes to clean energy production.
Project location: Bangalore, India
Project estimate: $ 1,106,540
India and Goal 7
India is projected to be a significant contributor to the rise in global energy demand, around one-quarter of the total. According to 2013-14 figures, the total installed capacity for electricity generation in India registered a compound annual growth rate of 7%. However, as of 2015, 237 million people in India do not have access to electricity. The government’s National Solar Mission is playing an important role in the work towards renewable energy, and interventions in rural electrification and new ultra mega power projects are moving India towards achieving universal energy access.
Targets for Goal 7
By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services.
By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
By 2030, enhance international co-operation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology.
By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing states and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support.
UN India | Second Annual UN India Business Forum: CEO Roundtable 2018
As the fastest-growing major economy in the world, India is making great strides in eliminating poverty and is home to the largest, most ambitious social sector programmes, like Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
The private sector has been integral to India's growth story, accounting for as much as three-fourths of the country's gross domestic product. If India is to achieve its developmental priorities, the private sector will be crucial in mobilising and investing resources, as well as designing innovative and creative solutions to persistent challenges.
In 2017, the United Nations in India launched the UN India Business Forum(UNIBF), an alliance of key economic influencers - businesses, financial institutions, the government, and the UN - to accelerate progress towards the SDGs.
Based on the idea that innovative solutions developed with the private sector will catalyse sustainable development in India, UNIBF works through 6 thematic groups focused on the biggest opportunities:
Women and Sustainable Development Goals
by: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women)
On 25 September, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as the agreed framework for international development. It is the successor to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). However, unlike the MDGs, the 2030 Agenda presents a much wider scope by deliberately and more fully incorporating economic and environmental sustainability, as well as the aspiration of many countries for peaceful and inclusive societies. The agenda also applies to all countries rather than just the developing countries. In this regard, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is more ambitious envisaging the eradication of poverty, the systematic tack-ling of climate change and building peaceful, resilient, equitable and inclusive societies. The Agenda, unlike the MDGs, has a stand-alone Goal on gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. In addition, there are gender equality targets in other Goals, and a more consistent call for sex disaggregation of data across many indicators.